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Australian Cement Industry Statistics 2018

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  • In 2017-18 the Australian cement industry recorded a turnover of A$2.4 billion, employing more than 1,300 directly and more than 5,000 indirectly - many based in regional Australia. 
  • The Australian cement industry is an important contributor to regional employment and to the growth and sustainability of the Australian economy. 
  • Our industry provides high quality cement products essential to Australia's building and construction sector, as well as major infrastructure projects.

Cement & Clinker Production in Australia

  • Cement is the key ingredient in concrete, the most consumed material on earth behind water.   
  • CIF member companies operated five integrated clinker and cement facilities and nine grinding plants in 2017-18.
  • Our product is delivered to market through around 20 distribution terminals.


 The industry adopts leading edge practices to reduce costs and emissions.    

  • Since 1990 the industry has moved towards more energy efficient clinker production technology.
  • Efficient, precalciner kilns now account for over 98 per cent of clinker production in Australia.
  • Australian cement producers continue to utilise leading edge practices to reduce costs as well as emissions. 


 Cement and Emissions

  • The emissions profile of Portland cement manufacturing has three main components:
    1. Process emissions
    2. Thermal (fuel) emissions
    3. Electricity emissions
  • Process emissions arise from the chemical transformation of limestone to produce lime and carbon dioxide. These emissions are unavoidable in the current process.
  • Thermal and electricity-related emissions are associated with fuel use (e.g. coal and gas) and general facility operations (e.g. grinding plant). 

Energy & Fuel Use
  • Since 1990 the increased use of alternative fuels in the cement manufacturing process has resulted in a significant reduction in both fuel and power use. 
  • Increased fuel efficiency can sometimes come at the expense of power efficiency.. 
  • The continued focus on phasing out inefficient production technologies will increase the electrical and thermal efficiency of the industry overall.  



  • The Australian cement industry continues to focus on the increased use of alternative fuels, lowering the industry's greenhouse gas emissions as well as reducing waste from other industries being exported or going to landfill.  
  • In 2017-18 over 10 per cent of all fuels used in the Australian cement industry were derived from alternative sources - these include used oil, demolition timber and solvent-based fuels.   
  • Significant scope exists to increase the safe use of alternative fuels in Australian cement kilns.  Addressing adverse waste management policies is the first step towards increasing the uptake of alternative fuels in our industry. 


 Supplementary Cementitious Materials

  • Cement extenders (aka Supplementary Cementitious Materials) are materials that can be used to offset a portion of the clinker in cement, without compromising performance. The use of SCMs is one of the most effective ways to reduce emissions.
  • Many SCMs originate as high-volume by-products of other industrial processes. Examples include limestonegranulated blast furnace slag from iron and steel production, as well as fly ash from the power generation industry.